Born in northern Ireland, in the Province of Ulster as the second son of a well-to-do farmer, John Smith, James came into the world on 17 September 1719.
At this time, in 1774, James Smith organized a volunteer company of militia in York County, Pennsylvania. These volunteers quickly elected Smith as Captain. With the increasing pressure by the British upon American trade, and freedom, this militia company, soon grew to battalion size, and Smith, who was chosen as commander, deferred to a younger man, as he himself was by now 55 years of age.
This version of How to Cite an Essay was reviewed by Diya Chaudhuri on July 16, 2015.
Independence and partition inspired literary and other artistic creations .  Such creations mostly describe the human cost of partition, limiting the holiday to a small part of their narrative.   Salman Rushdie 's novel Midnight's Children (1980), which won the Booker Prize and the Booker of Bookers , wove its narrative around children born at midnight of 14–15 August 1947 with magical abilities.  Freedom at Midnight (1975) is a non-fiction work by Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre that chronicled the events surrounding the first Independence Day celebrations in 1947. Few films centre on the moment of independence,    instead highlighting the circumstances of partition and its aftermath.    On the Internet, Google has commemorated Independence Day since 2003 with a special doodle on its Indian homepage.